Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Verbos: 102 most common Spanish irregular verbs

This list is based on one from Linguasorb.

Patterns of irregularity:
  1. Only in present tense, usually not 1st person plural
  2. First person present
  3. Pretérito
  4. Pretérito stem changer
  5. Imperfecto
  6. Stem change in future and conditional
  7. Participle


    1  
    to be (essential/permanent quality) (present, pretérito, 5, 7 - siendo/sido)
    2
    to have (to do something, auxiliary verb) (1 - hay, 3 - hube, 6 - habr-)
    3
    to be (health, location, state) (present & pretérito)
    4
    tener
    to have (1 - tengo, 3 - tuve, 6 - tendr-)
    5
    to do, make (1 - hago, 3 - hice, 7 - hecho)
    6
    to be able, can (1 - puedo, 3 - pude, 7 - pudiendo)
    7
    to say, tell (1 - digo, 3 - dije, 6 - dir-, 7 - dicho)
    8
    to go (irregular in present, pretérito, 5, 7 - yendo/ido )
    9
    to see (1, 3, 5, 7 - visto)
    10
    to give (2 - doy, 3 - di)
    11
    to know (information) (1 - sé, 3 - supe, meaning change in pretérito - found out, 6 - sabr-)
    12

    to want, love (regular in imperfecto, meaning change in pretérito - tried; negative - refused, 6 - querr-)
    13
    to arrive, come, reach (only pretérito 1st person singular spelling - llegué)
    14
    to put, place, set (regular in imperfect, 7 - puesto)
    15
    to seem, appear (2 - parezco)
    16
    to believe   (3, 7 - creyendo)
    17
    to follow, continue (1 - sigo, 3 - 3rd person, 7- siguiendo)
    18
    to find, encounter (1 - encuentro)
    19
    to come (1 - vengo, 3 - vine, 6 - vendr-, 7 - viniendo)
    20
    to think (1 - pienso)
    21
    to leave, go out (2, 6 - saldr-)
    22
    to return, go back (1 - vuelo; 7 - vuelto)
    23
    to know (people, places) (2 - conozco)
    24
    to feel, regret (1 - siento, 3 - 3rd person, 7 - sintiendo)
    25
    to count, relate, tell (1 - cuento)

    26
    to begin, start (1 - empiezo, 3 - 1st person only - empecé)
    27
    to search for, look for (only pretérito 1st person singular spelling - busqué)
    28
    to write (7 - escrito)
    29
    to lose (1 - pierdo)
    30
    to produce (2 - produzco, 3 - produje ...)
    31
    to understand (1 - entiendo)
    32
    to request, ask for (1 - pido, 3 - third person, 7 - pidiendo)
    33
    to remember, remind (1 - recuerdo ...)
    34
    to appear, show up (2 - aparezco)
    35
    to get, obtain (1 - consiguio, 3 - third person)
    36
    to begin, start, commence (1 - comienzo, 3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - comencé)
    37
    to serve (1 - sirvo, 3 - third person)
    38
    to take out, stick out (only pretérito 1st person singular spelling - saqué)
    39
    to maintain, get (1 - mantengo, 3 - mantuve, - 6 - mantendr-)
    40
    to read (3 - accent, 7 - leído/leyendo)
    41
    to fall (2 - caigo, 3 - accent, 7 - caído/cayendo)
    42
    to open (7 - abierto)
    43
    to hear (irregular present, pretérito & 7- oyendo/oído)
    44
    to convert, change (1 - convierto, 3 - third person)
    45
    to bring, to get, fetch, to carry (2 - traigo, 3 - traje, 7 - trayendo/traído)
    46
    to die (1 - muero, 3 - third person, 7 - muerto/muriendo)
    47
    to achieve, attain, accomplish (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - realicé)
    48
    to suppose (2 - supongo; supuse, 7 - supuesto)
    49
    to explain (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - expliqué)
    50
    to touch, to play (an instrument) (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - toqué)
    51
    to recognize (2 - reconozco)
    52
    to reach, catch up (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - alcancé)
    53
    to be born (2 - nazco)
    54
    to direct (2 - dirijo)
    55
    to use, utilize (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - utilicé)
    56
    to pay, pay for (only 1st person singular pretérito - pagué)
    57
    to play (a game or sport)
    (1 - juego)
    58
    to offer ( 2 - ofrezco)
    59
    to discover (7 - descubierto)
    60
    to repeat (1 - repito, 3 - third person)
    61
    to be worth (2 - valgo; 6 valdr-)
    62
    to show (1 - muestro)
    63
    mover
    o
    mudar
    mover/moverse ... to move on (1 - muevo)
    mudar/mudarse ... to move or relocate (regular)
    64
    to continue (1 - continuó)
    65
    to refer (to) (1 - refiero, 3 - third person)
    66
    to bring near (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - acerqué)
    67
    to dedicate (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - dediqué)
    68
    to close, shut (1 - cierro)
    69
    to obtain, get (1 - obtengo, 3 - obtuve, 6 - obtendr-)
    70
    to indicate (3 - pretérito 1st person singular spelling - indiqué)
    71
    to be accustomed to (1 - suelo) normalmente presente/imperfecto followed by infinitivo.
    72
    to stop, to hold up, delay, to arrest, detain (1 - detengo, 3 - detuve, 6 - detendr-)
    73
    to elect, choose 1 - elijo, 3 - third person)
    74
    to propose (2 - propongo; propuse, 6 - propondr-, 7 - propuesto)
    75
    to demonstrate, show (1 - demuestro)
    76
    to signify, mean (only 1st person singular pretérito - signifiqué)
    77
    to gather, meet, collect (1 - reúno)
    78
    to build, construct (1 - construyo, 3 - third person)
    79
    to disappear (1 - desaparezco)
    80
    to walk (3 - anduve)
    81
    to prefer (1 - prefiero, 3 - third person)
    82
    to grow (up) (2 - crezco)
    83
    to arise, emerge, spring up, come out (2 - surjo)
    84
    to deliver, hand over (only 1st person singular pretérito - entregué)
    85
    to locate, place (only 1st person singular pretérito - coloqué)
    86
    to establish (2 - establezco)
    87
    to act, perform, operate (1 - actúo)
    88
    to decide, resolve, agree (on) (1 - acuerdo) acordarse: remember
    89
    to break (7 - roto)
    90
    to obtain, acquire, buy (1 - adquiero)
    91
    to throw, hurl, cast, fling (only 1st person singular pretérito - lancé)
    92
    to deny, refuse (1 - niego, only 1st person singular pretérito - negué)
    93
    to advance, move forward (only 1st person singular pretérito - avancé)
    94
    to solve, to resolve, to settle (a debt, matter) (1 - resuelvo, 7 - resuelto)
    95
    to cost (1 - cuesto)
    96
    to demand, require (2 - exijo)
    97
    to pick up (2 - recojo)
    98
    to impose, enforce (2 - impongo, 3 - impuse, 6 - impondr-, 7 - impuesto)
    99
    to oblige (only 1st person singular pretérito - obligué)
    100
    to apply (only 1st person singular pretérito - apliqué)
    101
    dormir
    to sleep ((1 - durmio, 3 - third person,  7 - durmiendo)
    102
    oler
    to smell (1 - huelo)


















































































































































































































































































































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